Concepts of natural restoration of degraded areas in the Natural History Park Project Local people participate and receive benefits at the same time that is “agroforestry”, an agricultural system that mimics natural forests. Both structure and function To increase product diversity and sustainability It brings benefits in both economic, social and environmental aspects. By allowing the community of the landlord to take part in the maintenance of the degraded area and make the most of it It can also be applied to the agricultural occupation. By the agroforestry system has sufficient potential
Potential of agroforestry system Sustainable agriculture is a land use system that helps conserve natural resources. Sufficiency economy There is a variety of produce, which is opposed to the price risk. Reduce the use of inputs And market dependence Reduce global warming Planting trees helps absorb carbon dioxide. Energy sources are clean energy sources at both household, community and national levels. Increase income as an additional source of income And reduce expenses for households With such an idea The Natural History Park Project Office, Suan Phueng District, Ratchaburi Province, therefore, publicize the project to farmers There were people interested in the agricultural forestry career spread throughout the project and organized training. Farmers will gain knowledge of sufficiency economy philosophy as the idea base for agroforestry. And learned about Principles of agroforestry system; Mixed crop Forest plantation New agricultural theory practice And strengthen their skills through agroforestry techniques And techniques for cultivating seedlings Along with a study visit to the demonstration plot of the agricultural system for farmers Resulting in the subsequent farmers who have been trained to have a positive attitude towards their occupation More conservation. And have seen examples and lectures from successful people And then they gain more confidence in agroforestry, which, when taken seriously, can become the main occupation. The benefits that will be gained from agroforestry are Ecology
– It is an efficient use of resources.
– restore soil fertility
– Help conserve soil and water
– Make the local climate better Socio-economic
– as a supplement source
– is a source of animal food
– A variety of production sources
– Helps to reduce production costs on the farm.
Sufficiency Economy Agricultural Practices
Agricultural systems that will lead to sustainable agriculture The operating patterns are similar and confuse the practitioners in giving correct meaning and practice. This is the integrated agricultural system and the compound farm system, hereby we would like to provide the definitions and meanings of both terms as follows. Integrated Farming System is an agricultural system where crops or animals are cultivated. Species are in the same area under support. Benefit each other at maximum efficiency Based on the principle of coexistence between plants, animals and the environment, the coexistence may take the form of a relationship between plants and plants, plants and animals, or animals and animals. The integrated farming system will be successful. It has to be structured and implemented with a focus on activities. Each species is suitable for the physical, economic and social environment. Labor, capital, land, production and natural resources are used effectively. And know how to recycle waste materials from one production type, use it in another type of production, and produce another type of production within a fully integrated farm. Examples of such activities are raising chickens or pigs on a fish pond. Fish farming in rice fields Beekeeping in the orchard, etc. According to this concept, there are two basic principles
1) Must have at least 2 agricultural activities
2) There must be mutual benefit between activities. Mixed farm system (Mixed / Diversefied / Polyculture Farming System) is an agricultural system that has multiple production activities in response to consumption or reduce price risk. Only products that are uncertain Without management that those production activities are integrated and complementary to Reduce production costs And taking into account the environment like mixed agriculture, mixed farming, may be supported Some production activities But the mechanism of its occurrence is “self-made” and not from “knowledge and understanding”. Able to develop the knowledge and ability of farmers who operate the operation in Of the integrated agriculture system, the reasons for the origin of the integrated agriculture model
The long road to life, it will not be difficult to think and carefully follow in the footsteps of King Rama IX. These are things that we have seen, heard, thought, and spoken often, but still. Never “do” the action, so the road seems difficult by default So today, gearbox.com will prove that the self-sufficiency approach is as easy as anyone can do. With a self-sufficient gardening trick applied from “New Theory Agriculture”, which King Rama IX gave the royal words for farmers to live self-sufficiency in all situations. By means of sustainable resource management Divide the garden area appropriately and cost-effectively First of all, we need to carefully survey the area in the garden by examining soil conditions, direction, sunlight and wind, then we begin to divide the garden area according to the new theory agriculture from the formula 30: 30: 30: 10 to be easy and suitable for our own area. By adjusting to the vegetable plot, kitchen garden, herb zone, mushroom house, small animal farm (chicken coop or mini earthworm farm) and the main pond. But if the space is too narrow, then it doesn’t have to be divided in all respects. Choose only the zone that suits our house only. DIY water system, home version of the garden lover. From the concept of King Rama IX’s water management system, we can learn more about water and can apply it in the garden properly. By digging the main pond to store water for use in the garden and connecting all the available hoses to it. Or it can be sent directly to plants that need a lot of water as well. You can also raise fish for food or grow water plants like mimosa in a pond.
Fine quality soil with full sun exposure does not require extravagance to regenerate. If found that the soil conditions in the garden are unfavorable, how many plants should be planted It is recommended to till the soil and open the soil to direct sunlight. Because the sun will help to adjust the soil to provide nutrients that are suitable for plants or can be mixed in the soil at the same time. Soil moisture is something that needs to be maintained. Another way to get enough of a garden is to keep the soil moist. If we let go of the small things like this, you will definitely be laying your forehead on the water bill. Let’s start with the first method by lining the inside of the pot with tissue paper. New pampers Or an old knitwear, cover the soil with rice husk and plant vetiver grass around the garden, all of which will help retain water in the soil properly and result in plants growing and producing beautiful fruit.
Grow seasonal vegetables to eat all year round. The seasonal climate is a key factor in the availability of the garden. Therefore, we should turn to plants to match the season in order to have food available throughout the year better. – Summer should grow gourd, zucchini, coriander, gourds, lettuce, sweet corn or string beans. – In the rainy season (early), plant guangdong, chili, lettuce, zucchini, morning glory, eggplant, cucumber or okra. – The rainy season (late) should be planted with tomatoes, celery, carrots, bell peppers, cabbage, green peas or onion. – Winter should be planted tomatoes, onions, white cabbage, green beans, celery, coriander, Tang Oh or broccoli. From mainstream agriculture, especially monoculture or commodity production Single agriculture There are problems in many areas: 1) Household income is unstable 2) Plant waste and animal manure are not used. 3) The production of some single products takes a lot of investment. 4) Households have to rely on outside food. Therefore, the idea was to find a production system in the fields. That can take advantage of a small cooking area To reduce the risk of production Reduce dependence on capital Inputs and external food Plant residues and manure Which is a by-product of production activities They will use them to benefit farms and increase their productivity and income. The objectives of integrated agriculture To achieve income stability To reduce dependence on capital Factor of production And food from outside In order to achieve savings in the scope Increase income from limited small agricultural areas. Also have Enhancing the abundance of natural resources Reduce environmental damage Make farmers independent in their life Method for dividing the proportion of integrated agricultural activities Integrated agriculture is the approach or principle in the management of land and water for agriculture in small land for maximum benefit with the principle of sufficiency economy. His Majesty gave this royal initiative to help farmers. Management area can be divided into 4 parts which are 30: 30: 30: 10 as follows. Dig a reservoir About 30% of the area to dig a reservoir To have water to use Regularly throughout the year By retaining rainwater in the rainy season And used to supplement crops in the dry season Or the period of rain left during As well as raising animals And various aquatic plants such as morning glory, water mimosa, Sesbania, etc. Rice planting About 30% of the area to grow rice in the rainy season To serve as daily food for the household to be sufficient all year round. Without having to buy expensive To reduce the cost And can be self-reliant Growing fruits, perennials, field crops, vegetables About 30% of the area to plant fruit trees, perennials, field crops, vegetables, herbs, etc. in a combination. And various in the same area For daily use If it is left from consumption, it can be sold. As a residence and others Approximately 10% of the area is used for housing, livestock raising, roads, land, houses and other buildings. Including animal cages, nurseries, storage silos, agricultural products, etc. This is a real theory. The area is all farms or farms as well Highlights of integrated agriculture
1) Reducing income risk and uncertainty
2) consistent income
3) scope savings Farm expenses are reduced. Have more net income
4) Reduce dependence from outside
5) reduce seasonal unemployment Have work all year Reduce labor migration
Integrated agriculture is an agricultural system where many crops and / or animals are raised. In the same area Where each activity Must benefit each other effectively It is the optimal use of the available resources for maximum benefit. Balancing the environment and increasing the abundance of natural resources It is a systematically managed process that can be integrated into all areas and geographies. It is a concept that can be realized. Solve problems really and can improve the quality of life as well.