Mangosteen is a type of tropical evergreen plant. It is believed to have originated in the Sunda Islands and the Maluku Islands. It spread to the western Indies around the 24th century, then to Guatemala, Honduras, Panama, Ecuador to Hawaii. Mangosteen has been cultivated for a long time in Thailand as well. Because it is mentioned in the royal thesis on the Ramayana in the reign of King Rama 1, in addition to the Siriraj Hospital area was also the location of a palace named “Suan Mangkud Palace” in the archives of the ambassador from Sri Lanka who asked for the Thai monks Said that the mangosteen is one of the fruits that are brought out for the diplomatic missions.
Mangosteen is a perennial plant, 10-12 m high, all parts are yellow resin, single leaves, opposite, oval or ellipse, parallel edges, 6-11 cm wide, 15-25 cm long, the leaves are thick and somewhat leathery. Behind the glossy dark green leaves The belly is lighter in color Single or double flowers Axillary, near the end of the branch Complete gender or separate sex The calyx is yellowish-green, stuck until the result is a juicy red petals. Mature, reddish purple, yellow rubber, 4-6 cm in diameter, fleshy white, juicy There may be seeds in the pulp. Depending on the size and age of the fruit The number of flesh petals is equal to the number of petals on the bottom of the shell. 3-5 cm in diameter, the seeds are not edible. The edible flesh of the mangosteen is the endocarp class. It is a white, fragrant, mostly hexyl acetate, hexenol, and α-copaene. Pistil (stigma) equal to the number of seeds within the fruit Mangosteen seeds are difficult to cultivate and must be exposed to moisture until they germinate. Mangosteen seeds are formed from the new cellar layer. Not from fertilization The seeds will germinate as soon as they emerge, but will die as soon as they dry. Mangosteen has only one native variety. But if cultivated in different areas, there may be some variations In Thailand, the difference can be found between the central mangosteen or Muang Non mangosteen with a small fruit, long poles, thin peel, and southern mangosteen with larger fruit than the short and thick ones. Currently, it is cultivated and sold on the island. Some of the islands in the Hawaiian Islands Mangosteen trees must be planted in warm climates. If the temperature drops below 4 ° C, the mangosteen plant will die.
Mangosteen is a very popular fruit from Asia. Mangosteen has been known as The “queen of the fruit” may be due to the appearance of the fruit with the calyx attached. At the pedicle of the crown-like fruit of the Queen, the flesh is clean white. Has a sweet taste Delicious and difficult to compare with other fruits. Mangosteen is used in some dishes such as spicy curry and sweet food such as mangosteen loykae, mangosteen jam, mangosteen compote. In Nakhon Si Thammarat province, mangosteen is selected. By removing the impulsive mangosteen on a skewer, while the majority of the mangosteen is used as a fruit, Which is useful in helping to fight free radicals Help strengthen the immune system of the body Contributes to slowing down of aging and wrinkles And it also contributes to the maintenance of the skin to be radiant as well Mangosteen pulp is high in nutrients, especially potassium, protein, fiber, vitamin C, phosphorus, calcium and magnesium. From the analysis, it was found that 100 ml of mangosteen juice contained 87.14 mg of potassium, 34.53 mg of calcium and 111.22 mg of magnesium. The peel of the mangosteen contains an astringent, tannins, xanthones (especially mangostin). Tannins have astringent effects. Make the wound heal faster Mangosteen reduces inflammation and has a good antibacterial effect that causes pus. In herbal medicine Use the mangosteen peel, dry it, boil it with water or grill it on fire. Rain with lime water cure diarrhea, dry bark, rain with lime water. Used to treat foot bites, eczema, mangosteen peel contains anti-fungal agents suitable for composting. The people of Orang Azli in the state of Perak Malaysia uses dried fruit peel to heal open wounds. Mangosteen rubber is very useful for many industries. Since mangosteen rubber is used as a raw material for extraction of xanthones Each of which has different medicinal effects As well as beneficial to the plastics industry Mangosteen rubber also plays a role in its use as a food additive. Because it has the ability to inhibit Staphylococcus Aureus, which is a bacteria that can cause food poisoning.
Mangosteen can be processed into a variety of useful products such as 1. Mangosteen vinegar It is the fermentation of mangosteen with yeast. Gluconobacter Oxydans has an acidic content of between 4 and 5 percent. The quality of the vinegar will have its natural color. Has a scent of vinegar acid, looks clear, does not contain vinegar worm. Any dirt or impurity Free from the naturally occurring sediment of vinegar. Healthy mangosteen vinegar products Rich in potassium, 97.8 mg, calcium 3.3 mg, magnesium 13.7 per 100 g, and 4.68% acetic acid. 2. Mangosteen Cider Cider is a low-alcohol fruit drink. Cider production can be produced in two ways: traditional, which is the natural fermentation of fruit without the addition of yeast. Another way is Fruit fermentation and yeast added to speed up the reaction. The production of cider from mangosteen by traditional methods Is naturally fermented mangosteen The quality of the cider depends on its color, turbidity, sourness, sweetness, bitterness, salinity and fruity flavor. Including various flavors Caused by yeast fermentation These characteristics have made cider popular with consumers. In addition to having properties that are beneficial to health. Cider from mangosteen juice It is also highly nutritious, containing up to 871 milligrams of potassium per liter. 3. Mangosteen flakes It is a new product to increase the variety of mangosteen products. It is an added value by using finely ground mangosteen to dry and freeze at low temperature (Freeze Dry). Will maintain the nutritional value of the mangosteen in full It contains high amounts of potassium, magnesium and calcium when compared to other fruits. Including the benefits derived from dietary fiber and the value obtained from natural xanthone compounds from the mangosteen pulp are all beneficial to the body. Can dissolve both hot and cold water in the amount of 2 or 3 teaspoons per cup, drink 1 sachet of mangosteen flakes (60 grams) will get the full value of 300 grams of fresh kudang.